Fast Speech and Why It Challenges Learners and Teachers

Plenty of learners have told me that they struggle to understand fast speech. I’ve offered study tips and listed resources for listening practice in the past, but I’ve finally decided to make my own special contribution. I’m currently running a 20-day Fast Speech Challenge on YouTube.

My goal is to teach some common patterns in terms of linking and reduction through short daily videos. I’ve made it clear that I’m not promising total listening comprehension after watching my 20 videos. I tell viewers from the start that listening will be easier if they’re aware of certain patterns, like unstressed vowels reducing to a schwa and the frequent dropping of the T in the prefix inter-.

One criticism I’ve faced in my other video lessons is my speaking rate. “Why do you speak so slowly, Jennifer?” But more often I hear, “Thank you. I understand almost everything you say. You speak so clearly.” I believe that an ESL teacher can build bridges between the classroom and the real world. Of course, I usually speak faster and in a more relaxed way when I’m with my family and friends. But wearing my teacher’s hat, I speak to be understood. In live instruction, I can adjust my speech to the level of the students before me. In a video for a mass audience, I keep in mind the average learner at the level I’m teaching.

I think as teachers we need to expose students to fast speech, but with care and consideration. For example, if instructions are written, you could read them aloud at your natural speaking rate because the text is there for support. Also, if you’re repeating words you say every day, like a greeting or a set of instructions to get a familiar routine going, they can be said with relaxed pronunciation. However, I personally choose to slow down and articulate my speech when I deliver an explanation. Students will deal well with fast speech if they aren’t being simultaneously challenged with complex ideas, too much unfamiliar vocabulary, or new grammatical structures.

What challenges students about fast speech?

  • The relaxed pronunciation. Some learners have the misconception that all native speakers use this fast, relaxed manner all the time. Perhaps they need to remember that careful speech is still natural speech. A film clip could illustrate this point. The scene of young Mia accepting her title in The Princess Diaries might serve as an example. I especially like how her grandmother slows her down, and at the very end Mia uses her most careful articulation to announce her formal acceptance.
  • New vocabulary and perhaps some unfamiliar cultural references. Students need to realize the importance of developing their vocabulary, and they should recognize that part of the learning process is to have passive and active words. Some words are worth studying and putting into use, but others just need to be understood…for now.
  • Grammar that has yet to be mastered. As with vocabulary, every learner can benefit from some focused study of grammatical structures. You won’t pick everything up from exposure.
  • The inability to hit a pause button and replay a line when it’s a real-world situation. Learners need strategies for these situations. Towards the end of my 20-day challenge, I offer the tip of listening for key words. Often you can catch the meaning without catching every word. At that point, students should know how to ask for clarification.

What challenges teachers about fast speech?

  • To teach it or not. Should relaxed pronunciation be taught? My feeling is that learners need to be aware of reduction and omission of sounds for the sake of comprehending others. They don’t have to learn how to say, “Whadidja tell’em?” but they should have enough practice to prepare them to understand that as what did you tell them? Prioritizing comprehension, we should also teach word stress because if you say bal-LANCE instead of BAL-ance, you can be misunderstood. But if a learner doesn’t reduce the ‘a’ in can to a schwa, communication won’t break down. I also feel we should emphasize accent reduction over accent elimination. Teaching linking will help learners attain smooth, more natural speech, but a glottal stop isn’t a requirement for effective communication. Those learners whose goal is accent elimination will do the repetitive drilling needed to reproduce relaxed speech.
  • To use it or not. Yes, we should, but as I said earlier we should use fast speech with care. If the content of what we need to say is challenging, we can use more careful speech. We also need to teach strategies for listening to the news or films. I like to emphasize the benefits of repetitive listening and learning how to use (and not use) captions or a transcript.
  • To use authentic materials or instructional materials. Much of what I’ve said about authentic texts can be applied to our use of authentic recordings (films or podcasts). We certainly can and should use authentic materials with our students. At the same time, I see strong benefits of using ESL instructional materials, too. Why? It’s about building that bridge. I have a few colleagues who do that very well with their online resources. I’m a big fan of Mike Marzio’s RealEnglish site and greatly admire his smart editing choices, which take out the shock of hearing ‘real’ English. In addition to my 20-day Fast Speech Challenge, I’ve also started to post some additional listening practice on my website. I may vary the format as I go on, but you’ll presently find three listening tasks that allow students the chance to hear me speak at length using relaxed pronunciation.

Got any tips or favorite resources of your own? Please share them.


19 Comments Add yours

  1. Rafeeqbacker says:

    Very good Teacher

    1. Thank you for checking out this post.

  2. Alexandre P Ramos says:

    Dear Jennifer, hi!

    I can only try to express my gratitude for your taking the time to make all the 20 videos on Fast Speech. They can only help, as they have helped me. I also have grown to like YOUR tips mostly because you included “ESL” to you name, which for me means you are a person who is going to take into consideration that your viewers use English as a SECOND LANGUAGE, reason why you, and I agree, use moderate speed while speaking.

    As you said in the above article, “ESL teacher can build bridges between the classroom and the real world” and that is exactly how I feel. And thanks to teachers who think like you, people end up developing better English after traveling through those bridges you’ve mention.

    Finally, I do believe that when a person criticizes your moderate speed while talking this person just can’t see that you are covered with good reason to be doing so, that is, you are speaking for the general publish as ESL. That consideration is glorious and therefore powerful, because it just does the trick of taking the ESL student to a higher and better understanding.

    Again, thank you kindly for your awesome efforts.

    With Kind regards,

    Alexandre P. Ramos
    São Paulo – SP – Brazil

    1. Hello Alexandre!
      Thank you very much for your thoughtful response and kind support. I’m glad we think alike on the matter of fast speech and the need to build bridges for learners. I hope you’ll continue to follow the series. Today we’ve reached the halfway point. Day 10.
      Best regards,

  3. TatyGoRaELT says:

    Hi there Jennifer,

    I really loved this post! I started teaching back in 2001 here in Colombia. I grew up in New York, so to say the least I spoke fairly fast, and my students noticed and complained initially. I had to apply various strategies that would allow me to adapt my speed to my students. On purpose I do try to speed up my speech to allow them to get a feel for what it will feel like when they travel abroad, although I’ll mostly do this with my students when they have this particular goal. I usually make it a point to include intonation, pitch and connected speech in my classes, even if it’s not on the curriculum and have felt that my students really appreciate it.


    1. Hi Taty,

      It sounds like you’ve achieved a good balance between careful speech and fast speech. I also applaud you for working elements like intonation into your regular lessons. Thanks for checking out this post. Best wishes to you and your students.


  4. Majd Alraie says:

    Hi Jennifer,
    The videos of begginer english are easy for learn english simply, but how much time do I take until I Proficient fast english?
    Thank you very much and excuse me for mistakes a lot ….

    1. Hello. With regular study and practice, it can take about a year or two to reach the intermediate level. Not everyone progresses at the same pace. Here are some study tips to guide you. Best wishes!

  5. Ragab Osman says:

    Hi Jennifer,
    I really liked it.
    Thank you very much, and good luck.

    1. Thank you for visiting, Ragab!

  6. Thanks for this informative post. I think we all process speech at different levels. I find that young people speak rapidly and I sometimes need to ask them to slow down for me. As a speech-language pathologist, I’ve worked with teachers to help them slow their rate of speech for young language learners. I look forward to visiting again, 🙂

    1. A good point, Susanne. There can be a connection between speech rate and age. My son often has a rapid-fire style of speaking! With my private ESL students, I often encourage them to slow down in order to articulate sounds more clearly. Speed can return after articulation is mastered. Thanks for stopping by.

      1. Thanks for your reply, and keep up the great work.

  7. MAZHAR ALI KHAN says:


    1. Thank you for the very kind support. Best wishes to you!

  8. htbangla says:

    Thanks alot, it’s useful for me!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s